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Semiochemicals of Genus Lymantria

Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Uniramia
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Lymantriidae
Subfamily: Orgyiinae
Tribe: Lymantriini
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Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

Lymantria bantaizana Matsumura
 
               Gries R  2005c  J. Chem. Ecol.  31: 879   
    2me-Z7E9-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Lymantria beatrix Stoll
 
               Kamata N  2001  Tropics  10: 473   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Indonesia 
 
 
Lymantria concolor Walker
 
               Bhardwaj SP  1987  Agric. Ecosyst. Environ.  19: 87   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
India 
 
 
Lymantria dispar Linnaeus
 
               Park IK  2018  J. Forest Res.  30: 1119   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Korea 
    7R8S-epo-2me-17-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Gries R  2005b  J. Chem. Ecol.  31: 49   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
    7R8S-epo-2me-17-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Deml R  2003a  Z. Naturforsch. C  58: 860   
    4-aminobutanoic acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Caterpillar
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Defense substance 
    pyrrolidin-2Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Wallner WE  1984  J. Chem. Ecol.  10: 753   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
China 
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Trial H  1979  Can. Entomol.  111: 207   
    emodin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
H
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Feeding attractant 
 
               Miller JR  1978  Environ. Entomol.  7: 42   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Carde RT  1977b  Environ. Entomol.  6: 768   
    7S8R-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
North America 
 
               Klimetzek D  1976  Naturwissenschaften  63: 581   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7S8R-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Bierl BA  1972  J. Econ. Entomol.  65: 659   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Jacobson M  1970b  J. Econ. Entomol.  63: 943   
    gyplure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Bierl BA  1970  Science  170: 87   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Jacobson M  1961  J. Am. Chem. Soc.  83: 4819   
    gyplure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Jacobson M  1960  Science  132: 1011   
    gyplure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Lymantria dispar asiatica Vnukovskij
 
               Schaefer PW  2013  LEB  1: 95   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
China 
 
 
Lymantria dispar japonica Motschulsky
 
               Beroza M  1973a  Environ. Entomol.  2: 966   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
 
 
Lymantria fumida Butler
 
               Schaefer PW  1999  J. Chem. Ecol.  25: 2305   
    7S8R-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Beroza M  1973a  Environ. Entomol.  2: 966   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
 
 
Lymantria lucescens Aurivillius
 
               Gries G  2002  J. Chem. Ecol.  28: 469   
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Lymantria mathura Moore
 
               Gries G  1999c  Naturwissenschaften  86: 235   
    Z3Z6-9S10R-epo-19Hy    4 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
    Z3Z6-9R10S-epo-19Hy    1 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Oliver JE  1999  Z. Naturforsch. C  54: 387   
    Z3Z6-9S10R-epo-19Hy    25 Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Russia 
    Z3Z6Z9-19Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    Z3Z6-9,10-epo-19Hy    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Odell TM  1992  J. Chem. Ecol.  18: 2153   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
China 
 
 
Lymantria monacha Linnaeus
 
               Gries G  2001  J. Chem. Ecol.  27: 1163   
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Bohemia, CZ 
    Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7R8S-epo-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Gries G  2001  J. Chem. Ecol.  27: 1163   
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Honshu, Japan 
    Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7R8S-epo-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Gries G  1996  Naturwissenschaften  83: 382   
    Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    2me-Z7-18Hy    1 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7R8S-disparlure    10 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7R8S-epo-18Hy    10 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Grant GG  1996  Naturwissenschaften  83: 328   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Czech Republic 
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Hansen K  1984  Physiol. Entomol.  9:  
    7S8R-disparlure    90 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7R8S-disparlure    10 Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Minyailo VA  1976  Zool. Zh.  55: 1410   
    cis-6,7-epo-2me-17Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Klimetzek D  1976  Naturwissenschaften  63: 581   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7S8R-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Bierl BA  1975  Z. Naturforsch. C  30: 672   
    disparlure    5 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               von Schoenherr J  1972  Z. Angew. Entomol.  71: 260   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Lymantria narindra Moore
 
               Kamata N  2001  Tropics  10: 473   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Indonesia 
 
 
Lymantria obfuscata Walker
 
               Gries R  2007  J. Chem. Ecol.  33: 1774   
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
India 
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Beroza M  1973b  J. Econ. Entomol.  66: 1215   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Kashmir 
 
 
Lymantria schaeferi Schintlmeister
 
               Schaefer PW  2013  LEB  1: 95   
    7R8S-epo-2me-20Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
China 
 
 
Lymantria serva Fabricius
 
               Gries G  2002  J. Chem. Ecol.  28: 469   
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Lymantria singapura Swinhoe
 
               Kamata N  2001  Tropics  10: 473   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Indonesia 
 
 
Lymantria xylina Swinhoe
 
               Gries G  1999b  J. Chem. Ecol.  25: 2535   
    7R8S-epo-2me-20Hy  or  Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Taiwan 
    7S8R-epo-2me-20Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Reference(s):

Park, I.-K., Lee, H.-R., Jung, C.-S., and Koh, S.-H. 2018. Synergic effect of sex pheromone (7R,8S)-cis-7,8-epoxy-2- methyloctadec-17-ene on (+)-disparlure of the Asian gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, in Korea. J. Forest Res. 30:1119-1122.
 
Schaefer, P.W., Jiang, M., Gries, R., Gries, G., and Wu, J. 2013. Attraction of male Lymantria schaeferi Schintlmeister (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Lymantriinae) to traps baited with (+)-xylinalure in Jiangxi Province, China. LEB. 1:95-99.
 
Gries, R., Schaefer, P.W., Hahn, R., Khaskin, G., Ramaseshiah, G., Singh, B., Hehar, G.K., and Gries, G. 2007. Sex Pheromone components of Indian gypsy moth, Lymantria obfuscata. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:1774-1786.
 
Gries, R., Khaskin, G., Gotoh, T., Schaefer, P.W., and Gries, G. 2005c. (7Z,9E)-2-methyl-7,9-octadecadiene: a sex pheromone component of Lymantria bantaizana. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:879-891.
 
Gries, R., Khaskin, G., Gries, G., Schaefer, P.W., Hahn, R., and Gotoh, T. 2005b. (7R,8S)-cis-7,8-epoxy-2-methyloctadec-17-ene: A novel trace component from the sex pheromone gland of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:49-62.
 
Deml, R. 2003a. Pyrrolidonyl and pyridyl alkaloids in Lymantria dispar. Z. Naturforsch. C. 58:860-866.
 
Gries, G., Schaefer, P.W., Gries, R., Fan, Y.-B., Higashiura, Y., and Tanaka, B. 2002. 2-methyl-(Z)-7-octadecene: sex pheromone of allopatric Lymantria lucescens and L. serva. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:469-478.
 
Gries, G., Schaefer, P.W., Gries, R., Liska, J., and Gotoh, T. 2001. Reproductive character displacement in Lymantria monacha from northern Japan? J. Chem. Ecol. 27:1163-1176.
 
Kamata, N., Dahelmi, Erniwati, Nakamura, K., and Schaefer, P.W. 2001. Three tropical Lymantria spp. attracted by (+)-disparlure, the synthetic sex pheromone of the gypsy moth: moth abundance, seasonality, and trap lure effectiveness. Tropics. 10:473-480.
 
Gries, G., Gries, R., Schaefer, P.W., Gotoh, T., and Higashiura, Y. 1999c. Sex pheromone components of pink gypsy moth, Lymantria mathura. Naturwissenschaften. 86:235-238.
 
Gries, G., Schaefer, P.W., Khaskin, G., Hahn, R., Gries, R., and Chao, J.-T. 1999b. Sex pheromone components of Casuarina moth, Lymantria xylina. J. Chem. Ecol. 25:2535-2545.
 
Oliver, J.E., Dickens, J.C., Zlotina, M., Mastro, V.C., and Yurchenko, G.I. 1999. Sex attractant of the rosy Russian gypsy moth (Lymantria mathura Moore). Z. Naturforsch. C. 54:387-394.
 
Schaefer, P.W., Gries, G., Gries, R., and Holden, D. 1999. Pheromone components and diel periodicity of pheromonal communication in Lymantria fumida. J. Chem. Ecol. 25:2305-2312.
 
Grant, G.G., Langevin, D., Liska, J., Kapitola, P., and Chong, J.M. 1996. Olefin inhibitor of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, is a synergistic pheromone component of nun moth, L. monacha. Naturwissenschaften. 83:328-330.
 
Gries, G., Gries, R., Khaskin, G., Slessor, K.N., Grant, G.G., Liska, J., and Kapitola, P. 1996. Specificity of nun and gypsy moth sexual communication through multiple-component pheromone blends. Naturwissenschaften. 83:382-385.
 
Odell, T.M., Xu, C.-H., Schaefer, P.W., Leonhardt, B.A., Yao, D.-F., and Wu, X.-D. 1992. Capture of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), and Lymantria mathura (L.) males in traps baited with disparlure enantiomers and olefin precursor in the Peopls Republic of China. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:2153-2159.
 
Bhardwaj, S.P. 1987. Investigations on the response of lepidopteran sex pheromones of temperate fruit pests in Himachal Pradesh, India. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 19:87-91.
 
Hansen, K. 1984. Discrimination and production of disparlure enantiomers by the gypsy moth and the nun moth. Physiol. Entomol. 9:9-18.
 
Wallner, W.E., Carde, R.T., Xu, C., Weseloh, R.M., Xilin, S., Yan, J., and Schaefer, P.W. 1984. Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) attraction to disparlure enantiomers and the olefin precursor in the people's Republic of China. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:753-757.
 
Trial, H., Jr., and Dimond, J.B. 1979. Emodin in buckthorn: a feeding deterrent to phytophagous insects. Can. Entomol. 111:207-212.
 
Miller, J.R., and Roelofs, W.L. 1978. Gypsy moth responses to pheromone enantiomers as evaluated in a sustained-flight tunnel. Environ. Entomol. 7:42-44.
 
Card, R.T., Doane, C.C., Baker, T.C., Iwaki, S., and Marumo, S. 1977b. Attractancy of optically active pheromone for male gypsy moths. Environ. Entomol. 6:768-772.
 
Klimetzek, D., Loskant, G., Vit, J.P., and Mori, K. 1976. Disparlure: differences in pheromone perception between gypsy moth and nun moth. Naturwissenschaften. 63:581-582.
 
Minyailo, V.A., Kovalev, B.G., Kirov, E.I., and Bakhvalov, S.A. 1976. Comparison of the attractiveness of disparlure, sex pheromone of females of Porthetria dispar, its trans-isomer and females of Porthetria monacha for males of the latter species. Zool. Zhur. 55:1410.
 
Bierl, B.A., Beroza, M., Adler, V.E., Kasang, G., Schrter, H., and Schneider, D. 1975. The presence of disparlure, the sex pheromone of the gypsy moth, in the female nun moth. Z. Naturforsch. C. 30:672-675.
 
Beroza, M., Punjabi, A.A., and Bierl, B.A. 1973b. Disparlure and analogues as attractants for Lymantria obfuscata. J. Econ. Entomol. 66:1215-1216.
 
Beroza, M., Katagiri, K., Iwata, Z., Ishizuka, H., Suzuki, S., and Bierl, B.A. 1973a. Disparlure and analogues as attractants for two Japanese lymantriid moths. Environ. Entomol. 2:966.
 
Bierl, B.A., Beroza, M., and Collier, C.W. 1972. Isolation, identification, and synthesis of the gypsy moth sex attractant. J. Econ. Entomol. 65:659-664.
 
Von Schnherr, J. 1972. Attraction of disparlure to the nun moth, Lymantria monacha L. Z. Angew. Entomol. 71:260-263.
 
Jacobson, M., Schwarz, M., and Waters, R.M. 1970b. Gypsy moth sex attractants: a reinvestigation. J. Econ. Entomol. 63:943-945.
 
Bierl, B.A., Beroza, M., and Collier, C.W. 1970. Potent sex attractant of the gypsy moth: its isolation, identification, and synthesis. Science. 170:87-89.
 
Jacobson, M., Beroza, M., and Jones, W.A. 1961. Insect sex attractants. I. The isolation, identification, and synthesis of the sex attractant of the gypsy moth. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 83:4819-4824.
 
Jacobson, M., Beroza, M., and Jones, W.A. 1960. Isolation, identification, and synthesis of the sex attractant of gypsy moth. Science. 132:1011-1012.
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
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