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« Previous SpeciesLymantria dispar japonica    Next SpeciesLymantria fumida »

Semiochemicals of Lymantria dispar, the Gypsy moth

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Uniramia
Class:  Insecta
Order:  Lepidoptera
Family:  Lymantriidae
Subfamily:  Orgyiinae
Genus:  Lymantria
Tribe:  Lymantriini
Author:  Linnaeus
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Biology: Google
Distribution: Google



Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

  Park IK  2018  J. Forest Res.  30: 1119   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Korea 
    7R8S-epo-2me-17-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Gries R  2005b  J. Chem. Ecol.  31: 49   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
    7R8S-epo-2me-17-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Deml R  2003a  Z. Naturforsch. C  58: 860   
    4-aminobutanoic acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Caterpillar
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Defense substance 
    pyrrolidin-2Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Wallner WE  1984  J. Chem. Ecol.  10: 753   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
China 
    2me-Z7-18Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Trial H  1979  Can. Entomol.  111: 207   
    emodin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
H
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Feeding attractant 
 
  Miller JR  1978  Environ. Entomol.  7: 42   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Carde RT  1977b  Environ. Entomol.  6: 768   
    7S8R-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
North America 
 
  Klimetzek D  1976  Naturwissenschaften  63: 581   
    7R8S-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7S8R-disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Bierl BA  1972  J. Econ. Entomol.  65: 659   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Jacobson M  1970b  J. Econ. Entomol.  63: 943   
    gyplure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Bierl BA  1970  Science  170: 87   
    disparlure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Jacobson M  1961  J. Am. Chem. Soc.  83: 4819   
    gyplure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Jacobson M  1960  Science  132: 1011   
    gyplure    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 

Reference(s):

Park, I.-K., Lee, H.-R., Jung, C.-S., and Koh, S.-H. 2018. Synergic effect of sex pheromone (7R,8S)-cis-7,8-epoxy-2- methyloctadec-17-ene on (+)-disparlure of the Asian gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, in Korea. J. Forest Res. 30:1119-1122.
 
Gries, R., Khaskin, G., Gries, G., Schaefer, P.W., Hahn, R., and Gotoh, T. 2005b. (7R,8S)-cis-7,8-epoxy-2-methyloctadec-17-ene: A novel trace component from the sex pheromone gland of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:49-62.
 
Deml, R. 2003a. Pyrrolidonyl and pyridyl alkaloids in Lymantria dispar. Z. Naturforsch. C. 58:860-866.
 
Wallner, W.E., Carde, R.T., Xu, C., Weseloh, R.M., Xilin, S., Yan, J., and Schaefer, P.W. 1984. Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) attraction to disparlure enantiomers and the olefin precursor in the people's Republic of China. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:753-757.
 
Trial, H., Jr., and Dimond, J.B. 1979. Emodin in buckthorn: a feeding deterrent to phytophagous insects. Can. Entomol. 111:207-212.
 
Miller, J.R., and Roelofs, W.L. 1978. Gypsy moth responses to pheromone enantiomers as evaluated in a sustained-flight tunnel. Environ. Entomol. 7:42-44.
 
Card, R.T., Doane, C.C., Baker, T.C., Iwaki, S., and Marumo, S. 1977b. Attractancy of optically active pheromone for male gypsy moths. Environ. Entomol. 6:768-772.
 
Klimetzek, D., Loskant, G., Vit, J.P., and Mori, K. 1976. Disparlure: differences in pheromone perception between gypsy moth and nun moth. Naturwissenschaften. 63:581-582.
 
Bierl, B.A., Beroza, M., and Collier, C.W. 1972. Isolation, identification, and synthesis of the gypsy moth sex attractant. J. Econ. Entomol. 65:659-664.
 
Jacobson, M., Schwarz, M., and Waters, R.M. 1970b. Gypsy moth sex attractants: a reinvestigation. J. Econ. Entomol. 63:943-945.
 
Bierl, B.A., Beroza, M., and Collier, C.W. 1970. Potent sex attractant of the gypsy moth: its isolation, identification, and synthesis. Science. 170:87-89.
 
Jacobson, M., Beroza, M., and Jones, W.A. 1961. Insect sex attractants. I. The isolation, identification, and synthesis of the sex attractant of the gypsy moth. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 83:4819-4824.
 
Jacobson, M., Beroza, M., and Jones, W.A. 1960. Isolation, identification, and synthesis of the sex attractant of gypsy moth. Science. 132:1011-1012.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024