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Semiochemicals of Tripneustes gratilla, the Collector urchin

Phylum:  Echinodermata
Subphylum:  Echinozoa
Class:  Echinoidea
Order:  Camarodonta
Family:  Toxopneustidae
Subfamily:  
Genus:  Tripneustes
Tribe:  
Author:  Linnaeus
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Image: Google
Host: Google
Biology: Google
Distribution: Google



Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

  Darius HAT  2018  Mar. Drugs  16: 122   
    P-CTX 3B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Anaho Bay, Nuku Hiva Island, French Polynesia 
    51-hydroxy-CTX 3C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    P-CTX 3C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    P-CTX 4A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    P-CTX 4B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Brasseur L  2017  Mar. Drugs  15: 179   
    spinochrome D    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Toliara, Madagascar 
    spinochrome E    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    echinochrome A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Liu Y  2011  J. Food Biochem.  35: 932   
    5a8a-epidioxycholest-6-en-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Hainan Island, China 
 

Reference(s):

Darius, H.T., Rou, M., Sibat, M., Viallon, J., Gatti, C.M.., Vandersea, M.W., Tester, P.A., Litaker, R.W., Amzil, Z., Hess, P., and Chinain, M. 2018. Toxicological investigations on the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla (Toxopneustidae, Echinoid) from Anaho Bay (Nuku Hiva, French Polynesia): evidence for the presence of pacific ciguatoxins. Mar. Drugs.16:122-143.
 
Brasseur, L., Hennebert, E., Fievez, L., Caulier, G., Bureau, F., Tafforeau, L., Flammang, P., Gerbaux, P., and Eeckhaut, I. 2017. The roles of spinochromes in four shallow water tropical sea urchins and their potential as bioactive pharmacological agents. Mar. Drugs. 15:179-197.
 
Liu, Y., Yan, H., Wen, K., Zhang, J., Xu, T., Wang, L., Zhou, X., and Yang, X. 2011. Identification of epidioxysterol from South China sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla Linnaeus and its cytotoxic activity. J. Food Biochem. 35:932-938.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024