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« Previous SpeciesDiabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata    Next SpeciesDiabrotica virgifera zeae »

Semiochemicals of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, the Western corn rootworm

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Uniramia
Class:  Insecta
Order:  Coleoptera
Family:  Chrysomelidae
Subfamily:  Galerucinae
Genus:  Diabrotica
Tribe:  Luperini
Author:  LeConte
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Distribution: Google



Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

  Wennemann L  2004  Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol.  14: 199   
    methoxycinnamaldehyde    20 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
mg
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Hungary 
 
  Hammack L  2003  Agric. Forest Entomol.  5: 113   
    2-phenylethanol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Hammack L  2001  J. Chem. Ecol.  27: 1373   
    syn-benzaldoxime    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    cinnamyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    R,S-linalool    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    beta-caryophyllene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Hammack L  1999  Environ. Entomol.  28: 961   
    13-2Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Repellent 
    E2Z6-9Ald    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E3E5-8-2Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E3Z7-10-2Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Hoffmann MP  1996  Environ. Entomol.  25: 1173   
    1,2,4-trimethoxybenzene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    1H-indole    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E-cinnamaldehyde    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Metcalf RL  1995  J. Chem. Ecol.  21: 1149   
    1,2,4-trimethoxybenzene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
H
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    1H-indole    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E-cinnamaldehyde    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Lance DR  1992  J. Kansas Entomol. Soc.  65: 10   
    methoxycinnamaldehyde    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Lance DR  1991  J. Entomol. Sci.  26: 188   
    p-methoxycinnamonitrile  or  Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    estragole    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Dobson ID  1987  J. Chem. Ecol.  13: 1331   
    2S8Rme-10-propionate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Andersen JF  1986  J. Chem. Ecol.  12: 687   
    1H-indole    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
H
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Guss PL  1984  J. Chem. Ecol.  10: 1123   
    8me-10-propionate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Guss PL  1982  J. Chem. Ecol.  8: 545   
    8me-10-propionate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Metcalf RL  1980  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA  77: 3769   
    cucurbitacin B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 

Reference(s):

Wennemann, L., and Hummel, H.E. 2004. Trapping efficacy and trap placement at different elevations for monitoring Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte in Hungarian maize fields. Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol. 14:199-202.
 
Hammack, L. 2003. Volatile semiochemical impact on trapping and distribution in maize of northern and western corn rootworm beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Agric. Forest Entomol. 5:113-122.
 
Hammack, L. 2001. Single and blended maize volatiles as attractants for diabroticite corn rootworm beetles. J. Chem. Ecol. 27:1373-1390.
 
Hammack, L., Hibbard, B.E., Holyoke, C.W., Kline, M., and Leva, D.M. 1999. Behavioral response of corn rootworm adults to host plant volatiles perceived by western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Environ. Entomol. 28:961-967.
 
Hoffmann, M.P., Kirkwyland, J.J., Smith, R.F., and Long, R.F. 1996. Field tests with kairomone-baited traps for cucumber beetles and corn rootworms in cucurbits. Environ. Entomol. 25:1173-1181.
 
Metcalf, R.L., Lampman, R.L., and Deem-Dickson, L. 1995. Indole as an olfactory synergist for volatile kairomones for Diabroticite beetles. J. Chem. Ecol. 21:1149-1162.
 
Lance, D.R. 1992. Non-pheromonal attractants for mexican corn rootworm beetles, Diabrotica virgifera zeae (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 65:10-15.
 
Lance, D.R., and Elliott, N.C. 1991. Seasonal responses of corn rootworm beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to non-pheromonal attractants. J. Entomol. Sci. 26:188-196.
 
Dobson, I.D., and Teal, P.E.A. 1987. Analysis of long-range reproductiove behavior of male Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte and D. barberi Smith and Lawrence to stereoisomers of 8-methyl-2-decyl propanoate under laboratory conditions. J. Chem. Ecol. 13:1331-1341.
 
Andersen, J.F., and Metcalf, R.L. 1986. Identification of a volatile attractant for Diabrotica and Acalymma spp. from blossoms of Cucurbita maxima Duchesne. J. Chem. Ecol. 12:687-699.
 
Guss, P.L., Sonnet, P.E., Carney, R.L., Branson, T.F., and Tumlinson, J.H. 1984. Response of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, D. v. zeae, and D. porracea to stereoisomers of 8-methyl-2-decyl propanoate. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:1123-1131.
 
Guss, P.L., Tumlinson, J.H., Sonnet, P.E., and Proveaux, A.T. 1982. Identification of a female-produced sex pheromone of the western corn rootworm. J. Chem. Ecol. 8:545-556.
 
Metcalf, R.L., Metcalf, R.A., and Rhodes, A.M. 1980. Cucurbitacins as kairomones for diabroticite beetles. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 77:3769-3772.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024