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« Previous SpeciesDermacentor variabilis    Next SpeciesDermanyssus gallinae »

Semiochemicals of Dermacentor variabilis, the American dog tick

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Chelicerata
Class:  Arachnida
Order:  Ixodida
Family:  Amblyommidae
Subfamily:  Rhipicephalinae
Genus:  Dermacentor
Tribe:  
Author:  Say
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Biology: Google
Distribution: Google



Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

  Carr AL  2012  Med. Vet. Entomol.  27: 86   
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Hanson PE  2002  J. Med. Entomol.  39: 945   
    2cl4cl-phenol    1 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    2cl6cl-phenol    9 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Yoder JA  1993  J. Insect Physiol.  39: 291   
    squalene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Defense substance 
 
  Allan SA  1991  Exp. Appl. Acarol.  11:  
    palmitic acid    370.4 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    oleic acid    1569.8 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    stearic acid    485.9 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    linoleic acid    314.7 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    myristic acid    696.2 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active     F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Sonenshine DE  1984  J. Chem. Ecol.  10: 95   
    2cl6cl-phenol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Sonenshine DE  1976  J. Chem. Ecol.  2: 201   
    2cl6cl-phenol    2 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 

Reference(s):

Carr, A.L., Roe, R.M., Arellano, C., Sonenshine, D.E., Schal, C., and Apperson, C.S. 2012. Responses of Amblyomma americanum and Dermacentor variabilis to odorants that attract haematophagous insects. Med. Vet. Entomol. 27:86-95.
 
Hanson, P.E., Yoder, J.A., Pizzuli, J.L., and Sanders, C.I. 2002. Identification of 2,4-dichlorophenol in females of the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae), and its possible role as a component of the attractant sex pheromone. J. Med. Entomol. 39:945-947.
 
Yoder, J.A., Pollack, R.J., Spielman, A., Sonenshine, D.E., and Johnston, D.E. 1993. Secretion of squalene by ticks. J. Insect Physiol. 39:291-296.
 
Allan, S.A., Phillips, J.S., and Sonenshine, D.E., 1991. Role of genital sex pheromones in Amblyomma americanum and B. maculatum (Acari: Ixodidae). Exp. Appl. Acarol. 11:9-21.
 
Sonenshine, D.E., Silverstein, R.M., and West, J.R. 1984. Occurrence of sex attractant pheromone, 2,6-dichlorophenol, in relation to age and feeding in American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say) (Acari: Ixodidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 10:95-100.
 
Sonenshine, D.E., Silverstein, R.M., Plummer, E., West, J.R., and McCullough, T. 1976. 2,6-dichlorophenol, the sex pheromone of the rocky mountain wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni Stiles and the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say). J. Chem. Ecol. 2:201-209.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024