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« Previous GenusAplysia    Next GenusAplysina »

Semiochemicals of Genus Aplysilla

Phylum: Porifera
Subphylum: 
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Dendroceratida
Family: Aplysillidae
Subfamily: 
Tribe: 
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Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

Aplysilla glacialis Merejkowsky
 
               Bobzin SC  1992  J. Chem. Ecol.  18: 309   
    24xi-5a8a-epidioxystigmast-6-en-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
French Wells, Crooked Island, Bahamas 
    5a8a-epidioxycholest-6-en-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    manool    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Tischler M  1991  J. Org. Chem.  56: 42   
    cadlinolide A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Sanford Island, British Columbia, Canada 
    cadlinolide B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    aplysillolide A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    aplysillolide B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    marginatone    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Aplysilla pallida Lendenfeld
 
               Hambley TW  1997  Aust. J. Chem.  50: 903   
    aplypallidenone    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Australia 
    aplypallidoxone    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    aplypallidione    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    aplypallidioxone    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Aplysilla polyrhaphis de Laubenfels
 
               Bobzin SC  1989a  J. Org. Chem.  54: 3902   
    aplyviolacene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Isla San Jose, Gulf of California, Mexico 
    aplyviolene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    norrisolide    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    shahamin C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    polyrhaphin A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    polyrhaphin B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    polyrhaphin C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    polyrhaphin D    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Aplysilla sulphurea Schulze
 
               Rungprom W  2004  Mar. Drugs  2: 101   
    chromodorolide A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Gneerings Reef, Mooloolaba, Australia 
    chromodorolide B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    chromodorolide C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Taylor WC  1997  Aust. J. Chem.  50: 895   
    spongian-16Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Bare Island, Sydney, Australia 
    15,16-diacetoxyspongian    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Karuso P  1984  Aust. J. Chem.  37: 1081   
    aplysulphurin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Jervis Bay, Australia 
    aplysulphuride    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Aplysilla tango Poiner & Taylor
 
               Poiner A  1990  Aust. J. Chem.  43: 1713   
    gracilin A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Jervis Bay, Australia 
    aplytandiene 1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    aplytandiene 2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    aplytangene 1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    aplytangene 2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    7-dehydrositosterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Reference(s):

Rungprom, W., Chavasiri, W., Kokpol, U., Kotze, A., and Garson, M.J. 2004. Bioactive chromodorolide diterpenes from an Aplysillid sponge. Mar. Drugs. 2:101-107.
 
Hambley, T.W., Taylor, W.C., and Toth, S. 1997. The constituents of marine sponges. IX. New norditerpenoids from Aplysilla pallida. Aust. J. Chem. 50:903-909.
 
Taylor, W.C., and Toth, S. 1997. The constituents of marine sponges. VIII. Minor diterpenoid metabolites of Aplysilla rosea and A. var. sulphurea. Aust. J. Chem. 50:895-902.
 
Bobzin, S.C., and Faulkner, D.J. 1992. Chemistry and chemical ecology of the Bahamian sponge Aplysilla glacialis. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:309-322.
 
Tischler, M., Andersen, R.J., Choudhary, M.I., and Clardy, J. 1991. Terpenoids from the sponge Aplysilla glacialis and specimens of the nudibranch Cadlina luteomarginta found on the sponge. J. Org. Chem. 56:42-47.
 
Poiner, A., and Taylor, W.C. 1990. The constituents of marine sponges. IV. The isolation of degraded spongian diterpenoids from Aplysilla tango (sp. nov.) (Dendroceratida). Aust. J. Chem. 43:1713-1727.
 
Bobzin, S.C., and Faulkner, D.J. 1989a. Diterpenes from the marine sponge Aplysilla polyrhaphis and the dorid nudibranch Chromodoris norrisi. J. Org. Chem. 54:3902-3907.
 
Karuso, P., Skelton, B.W., Taylor, W.C., and White, A.H. 1984. The constituents of marine sponges. I. The isolation from Aplysilla sulphurea (Dendroceratida) of (1R*,1'S*,1"R*,3R*)-1-acetoxy-4-ethyl-5-(1,3,3-trimethylcyclohexyl)-1,3-dihydroisobenzofuran-1'(4),3-carbolactone and the determination of its crystal structure. Aust. J. Chem. 37:1081-1093.
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 13-February-2024