Bedoukian   RussellIPM   Pherobank   Piezo-Electric-Micro-Sprayer


Home

Animal Taxa
  Order Index
  Families A-Z
  » Genus A-Z
  Species A-Z
  Common Names A-Z
  All Families
  All Common Names

Plant Taxa
Floral Taxa
Semiochemicals
Plant Compounds
Floral Compounds
Semiochemicals & Taxa
Synthesis
ID Tools
Control
Invasive spp.
References
Abstract
Guide
Alpha Scents
PheroBio
InsectScience
E-EcoNex
Counterpart Semiochemicals
Print
Email to a Friend
Kindly Donate for The Pherobase

« Previous GenusAmphicoma    Next GenusAmphidora »

Semiochemicals of Genus Amphidinium

Phylum: Myzozoa
Subphylum: Dinozoa
Class: Dinophyceae
Order: Amphidiniales
Family: Amphidiniaceae
Subfamily: 
Tribe: 
Discuss this Genus
  Edit this Record
  Help



Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

Amphidinium carterae Hulburt
 
               Martinez KA  2019  Mar. Drugs  17: 385   
    AM22    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain CCMP1314 
 
               Satake M  2017  J. Nat. Prod.  80: 2883   
    AM20    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Goseong Province, Korea 
    AM21    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Nuzzo G  2014  J. Nat. Prod.  77: 1524   
    AM18    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain CCMP121, Italy 
    AM19    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Meng Y  2010  J. Nat. Prod.  73: 409   
    AM17    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
CMSTAC 14001, Little San Salvador Island, Bahamas 
 
               Huang SJ  2009  Tetrahedron Lett.  50: 2512   
    carteraol E    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Taiwan 
 
               Echigoya R  2005  Harmful Algae  4: 383   
    AM9    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Kauauroa, New Zealand 
    AM10    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    AM11    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    AM12    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    AM13    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    AM4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    AM2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Houdai T  2001  Tetrahedron  57: 5551   
    AM1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Kauaroa, New Zealand 
    AM2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    AM4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Aakermann T  1993  Acta Chem. Scand.  47: 1207   
    carotenoid P457    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain CCMP1314, USA 
 
               Kokke WCMC  1981  Phytochem.  20: 127   
    lophenol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
USA 
    4ame-5a-cholest-8(14)-en-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphisterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    Z24-ethylidene-4ame-5a-cholest-8(14)-en-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    4ame23me24xime-5a-cholesta-8(14)E22-dien-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    cholesterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Withers NW  1979  Phytochem.  18: 899   
    amphisterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Py-1, UK 
 
               Jeffrey SW  1972  Biochim. Biophys. Acta  279: 15   
    chlorophyll a    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Australia 
    chlorophyll c1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    chlorophyll c2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Amphidinium corpulentum Kofoid & Swezy
 
               Kokke WCMC  1981  Phytochem.  20: 127   
    4ame-5a-cholest-8(14)-en-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
USA 
    amphisterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    4ame23me24xime-5a-cholesta-8(14)E22-dien-3b-ol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    cholesterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Withers NW  1979  Phytochem.  18: 899   
    amphisterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Py-3, UK 
 
 
Amphidinium hoefleri Schiller & Disku
 
               Withers NW  1979  Phytochem.  18: 899   
    amphisterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Py-450, UK 
 
 
Amphidinium klebsii Kofoid & Swezy
 
               Morsy N  2006  Bioorg. Med. Chem.  14: 6548   
    AM14    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Aburatsubo Bay, Japan 
    AM15    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Morsy N  2005  Tetrahedron  61: 8606   
    AM7    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Aburatsubo Bay, Japan 
 
               Houdai T  2001  Tetrahedron  57: 5551   
    AM1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Aburatsubo Bay, Japan 
    AM2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    AM4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Murata M  1999  J. Am. Chem. Soc.  121: 870   
    AM3    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
 
               Paul GK  1997  J. Mar. Biotechnol.  5: 124   
    AM5    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Aburatsubo Bay, Japan 
    AM6    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Paul GK  1995  Tetrahedron Lett.  36: 6279   
    AM2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Aburatsubo Bay, Japan 
 
               Satake M  1991  J. Am. Chem. Soc.  113: 9859   
    AM1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Ishigaki Island, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Withers NW  1979  Phytochem.  18: 899   
    amphisterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Py-43, UK 
 
 
Amphidinium rhynchocephalum Anisimova
 
               Withers NW  1979  Phytochem.  18: 899   
    amphisterol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Py-4, UK 
 
 
Amphidinium sp
 
               Kumagai K  2017  J. Nat. Med.  71: 506   
    iriomoteolide-9a    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain KCA09052, Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan 
    iriomoteolide-11a    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide P    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Akakabe M  2016  Chem. Pharm. Bull.  64: 1019   
    iriomoteolide-10a    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain KCA09053, Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan 
    iriomoteolide-12a    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kumagai K  2015  Heterocycles  91: 265   
    iriomoteolide-2a    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain KCA09052, Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Inuzuka T  2014b  Tetrahedron Lett.  55: 6319   
    amdigenol E    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
    amdigenol G    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Akakabe M  2014  Tetrahedron Lett.  55: 3491   
    amphirionin-5    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain KCA09053, Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Minamida M  2014  Org Lett.  16: 4858   
    amphirionin-4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain KCA09051, Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Inuzuka T  2012  Tetrahedron Lett.  53: 239   
    amdigenol A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
 
               Hanif N  2010  J. Nat. Prod.  73: 1318   
    symbiopolyol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain KD-056, Kochi Prefecture, Japan 
 
               Tsuda M  2007  J. Nat. Prod.  70: 1661   
    iriomoteolide-1b    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain HYA024, Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan 
    iriomoteolide-1c    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kubota T  2006  Tetrahedron Lett.  47: 4369   
    amphezonol A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-72, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Washida K  2006  Tetrahedron Lett.  47: 2521   
    karatungiol A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Karatung Island, Indonesia 
    karatungiol B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Tsuda M  2005b  Mar. Drugs  3:  
    amphidinolide B4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-100, Maeda Cape, Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide B5    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kubota T  2005  Mar. Drugs  3: 113   
    luteophanol D    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-52, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Huang XC  2004b  Tetrahedron Lett.  45: 5501   
    lingshuiol A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Lingshui Bay, Hainan Province, China 
    lingshuiol B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Huang XC  2004a  Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.  14: 3117   
    lingshuiol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Lingshui Bay, Hainan Province, China 
 
               Kubota T  2004  Mar. Drugs  2: 83   
    amphidinolide C2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-71, Sunabe, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Tsuda M  2003c  J. Org. Chem.  68: 9109   
    amphidinolide Y    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-42, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Tsuda M  2003a  J. Org. Chem.  68: 5339   
    amphidinolide X    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-42, Sunabe, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  2002  J. Org. Chem.  67: 6585   
    amphidinolide H2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-42, Sunabe, Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide H3    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide H4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide H5    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide G2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide G3    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide H    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide G    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Shimbo K  2002  J. Org. Chem.  67: 1020   
    amphidinolide W    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-42, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  2001  J. Org. Chem.  66: 134   
    amphidinolide T2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-71, Sunabe, Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide T3    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide T4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kubota T  2001  Tetrahedron  67: 6175   
    amphidinolide T5    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-56, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kubota T  2000b  Chem. Pharm. Bull.  48: 1447   
    colopsinol D    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
    colopsinol E    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kubota T  2000a  Tetrahedron Lett.  41: 713   
    amphidinolide V    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Tsuda M  2000  J. Org. Chem.  65: 1349   
    amphidinolide T1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Y-56, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Tsuda M  1999b  Tetrahedron  55: 14565   
    amphidinolide U    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-56, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kubota T  1999  J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans.  1: 3483   
    colopsinol B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
    colopsinol C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kobayashi J  1999  J. Org. Chem.  64: 1478   
    colopsinol A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kubota T  1998  Tetrahedron  54: 3820   
    luteophanol B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-52, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
    luteophanol C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Doi Y  1997  J. Org. Chem.  62: 3820   
    luteophanol A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-52, Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Ishibashi M  1997  Tetrahedron  53: 7827   
    amphidinolide R    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide S    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kobayashi J  1996a  Tetrahedron Lett.  37: 1449   
    amphidinolide Q    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Bauer I  1995b  J. Org. Chem.  60: 1084   
    caribenolide I    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain S1-36-5, Brewers Bay, St. Thomas, USA 
 
               Ishibashi M  1995a  J. Org. Chem.  60: 6062   
    amphidinolide O    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide P    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Bauer I  1995a  Tetrahedron Lett.  36: 991   
    amphidinoketide I    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain S1-36-5, Brewers Bay, St. Thomas, USA 
    amphidinoketide II    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Doi Y  1995  J. Nat. Prod.  58: 1097   
    apo-9'-fucoxanthinone    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  1994d  Tetrahedron Lett.  35: 7049   
    amphidinin A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Tsuda M  1994c  J. Org. Chem.  59: 3734   
    amphidinolide L    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide G    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    amphidinolide H    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kobayashi J  1994c  J. Org. Chem.  59: 4698   
    amphidinolide M    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Ishibashi M  1994  J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm.  1994: 1455   
    amphidinolide N    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-5, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  1993d  J. Org. Chem.  55: 2645   
    amphidinolide J    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Ishibashi M  1993a  J. Org. Chem.  58: 6928   
    amphidinolide K    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  1991h  J. Antibiot.  44: 1259   
    amphidinolide F    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Zampa, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  1991g  J. Org. Chem.  56: 5221   
    amphidinolide H    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Strain Y-42, Sunabe, Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide G    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kobayashi J  1990d  J. Org. Chem.  55: 3421   
    amphidinolide E    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  1989c  J. Nat. Prod.  52: 1036   
    amphidinolide D    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
    amphidinolide B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
               Kobayashi J  1988c  J. Am. Chem. Soc.  110: 6585   
    amphidinolide C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Chatan Beach, Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Ishibashi M  1987  J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm.  1987: 1127   
    amphidinolide B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Kobayashi J  1986  Tetrahedron Lett.  27: 5755   
    amphidinolide A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Okinawa, Japan 
 
               Jeffrey SW  1968  BioI. Bull.  135: 149   
    beta-carotene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Princess Charlotte Bay, Great Barrier Reef, Australia 
    diadinoxanthin A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    dinoxanthin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    neodiadinoxanthin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    peridinin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    neo-peridinin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    chlorophyll a    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    chlorophyll c    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Reference(s):

Martnez, K.A., Lauritano, C., Druka, D., Romano, G., Grohmann, T., Jaspars, M., Martn, J., Daz, C., Cautain, B., de la Cruz, M., Ianora, A., and Reyes, F. 2019. Amphidinol 22, a new cytotoxic and antifungal amphidinol from the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae. Mar. Drugs. 17:385-397.
 
Kumagai, K., Tsuda, M., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., Masuda, A., and Tsuda, M. 2017. Iriomoteolides-9a and 11a: two new odd-numbered macrolides from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species. J. Nat. Med. 71:506-512.
 
Satake, M., Cornelio, K., Hanashima, S., Malabed, R., Murata, M., Matsumori, N., Zhang, H., Hayashi, F., Mori, S., Kim, J.S., Kim, C.-H., and Lee, J.-S. 2017. Structures of the largest amphidinol homologues from the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae and structure-activity relationships. J. Nat. Prod. 80:2883-2888.
 
Akakabe, M., Kumagai, K., Tsuda, M., Konishi, Y., Tominaga, A., Kaneno, D., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., Masuda, A., and Tsuda, M. 2016. Iriomoteolides-10a and 12a, cytotoxic macrolides from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 64:1019-1023.
 
Kumagai, K., Tsuda, M., Masuda, A., Fukushi, E., and Kawabata, J. 2015. Iriomoteolide-2a, a cytotoxic 23-membered macrolide from marine benthic dinoflagellate Amphidinium species. Heterocycles. 91:265-274.
 
Inuzuka, T., Yamada, K., and Uemura, D. 2014b. Amdigenols E and G, long carbon-chain polyol compounds, isolated from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 55:6319-6323.
 
Akakabe, M., Kumagai, K., Tsuda, M., Konishi, Y., Tominaga, A., Tsuda, M., Fukushi, E., and Kawabata, J. 2014. Amphirionin-5, a novel linear polyketide from a cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species with a potent cell proliferation-promoting activity. Tetrahedron Lett. 55:3491-3494.
 
Minamida, M., Kumagai, K., Ulanova, D., Akakabe, M., Konishi, Y., Tominaga, A., Tanaka, H., Tsuda, M., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., Masuda, A., and Tsuda, M. 2014. Amphirionin-4 with potent proliferation-promoting activity on bone marrow stromal cells from a marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species. Org. Lett. 16:4858-4861.
 
Nuzzo, G., Cutignano, A., Sardo, A., and Fontana, A. 2014. Antifungal amphidinol 18 and its 7-sulfate derivative from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae. J. Nat. Prod. 77:1524-1527.
 
Inuzuka, T., Yamamoto, Y., Yamada, K., and Uemura, D. 2012. Amdigenol A, a long carbon-backbone polyol compound, produced by the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 53:239-242.
 
Hanif, N., Ohno, O., Kitamura, M., Yamada, K., and Uemura, D. 2010. Symbiopolyol, a VCAM-1 inhibitor from a symbiotic dinoflagellate of the jellyfish Mastigias papua. J. Nat. Prod. 73:1318-1322.
 
Meng, Y., van Wagoner, R.M., Misner, I., Tomas, C., and Wright, J.L.C. 2010. Structure and biosynthesis of amphidinol 17, a hemolytic compound from Amphidinium carterae. J. Nat. Prod. 73:409-415.
 
Huang, S.-J., Kuo, C.-M., Lin, Y.-C., Chen, Y.-M., and Lu, C.-K. 2009. Carteraol E, a potent polyhydroxyl ichthyotoxin from the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae. Tetrahedron Lett. 50:2512-2515.
 
Tsuda, M., Oguchi, K., Iwamoto, R., Okamoto, Y., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., Ozawa, T., and Masuda, A. 2007. Iriomoteolides-1b and-1c, 20-membered macrolides from a marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species. J. Nat. Prod. 70:1661-1663.
 
Kubota, T., Sakuma, Y., Shimbo, K., Tsuda, M., Nakano, M., Uozumi, Y., and Kobayashi, J. 2006. Amphezonol A, a novel polyhydroxyl metabolite from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 47:4369-4371.
 
Morsy, N., Houdai, T., Matsuoka, S., Matsumori, N., Adachi, S., Oishi, T., Murata, M., Iwashita, T., and Fujita, T. 2006. Structures of new amphidinols with truncated polyhydroxyl chain and their membrane-permeabilizing activities. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 14:6548-6554.
 
Washida, K., Koyama, T., Yamada, K., Kita, M., and Uemura, D. 2006. Karatungiols A and B, two novel antimicrobial polyol compounds, from the symbiotic marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 47:2521-2525.
 
Tsuda, M., Kariya, Y., Iwamoto, R., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., and Kobayashi, J. 2005b. Amphidinolides B4 and B5, potent cytotoxic 26-membered macrolides from dinoflagellate Amphidinium species. Mar. Drugs. 3:1-8.
 
Echigoya, R., Rhodes, L., Oshima, Y., and Satake, M. 2005. The structures of five new antifungal and hemolytic amphidinol analogs from Amphidinium carterae collected in New Zealand. Harmful Algae. 4:383-389.
 
Kubota, T., Takahashi, A., Tsuda, M., and Kobayashi, J. 2005. Luteophanol D, new polyhydroxyl metabolite from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Mar. Drugs. 3:113-118.
 
Morsy, N., Matsuoka, S., Houdai, T., Matsumori, N., Adachi, S., Murata, M., Iwashita, T., and Fujita, T. 2005. Isolation and structure elucidation of a new amphidinol with a truncated polyhydroxyl chain from Amphidinium klebsii. Tetrahedron. 61:8606-8610.
 
Huang, X.-C., Zhao, D., Guo, Y.-W., Wu, H.-M., Trivellone, E., and Cimino, G. 2004b. Lingshuiols A and B, two new polyhydroxy compounds from the Chinese marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 45:5501-5504.
 
Huang, X.-C., Zhao, D., Guo, Y.-W., Wu, H.-M., Lin, L.-P., Wang, Z.-H., Ding, J., and Lin, Y.-S. 2004a. Lingshuiol, a novel polyhydroxyl compound with strongly cytotoxic activity from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 14:3117-3120.
 
Kubota, T., Sakuma, Y., Tsuda, M., and Kobayashi, J. 2004. Amphidinolide C2, new macrolide from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species. Mar. Drugs. 2:83-87.
 
Tsuda, M., Izui, N., Shimbo, K., Sato, M., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., and Kobayashi, J. 2003c. Amphidinolide Y, a novel 17-membered macrolide from dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp.: plausible biogenetic precursor of amphidinolide X. J. Org. Chem. 68:9109-9112.
 
Tsuda, M., Izui, N., Shimbo, K., Sato, M., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., Katsumata, K., Horiguchi, T., and Kobayashi, J. 2003a. Amphidinolide X, a novel 16-membered macrodiolide from dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 68:5339-5345.
 
Kobayashi, J., Shimbo, K., Sato, M., and Tsuda, M. 2002. Amphidinolides H2-H5, G2, and G3, new cytotoxic 26- and 27-membered macrolides from dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 67:6585-6592.
 
Shimbo, K., Tsuda, M., Izui, N., and Kobayashi, J. 2002. Amphidinolide W, a new 12-membered macrolide from dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 67:1020-1023.
 
Houdai, T., Matsuoka, S., Murata, M., Satake, M., Ota, S., Oshima, Y., and Rhodes, L.L. 2001. Acetate labeling patterns of dinoflagellate polyketides, amphidinols 2, 3 and 4. Tetrahedron. 57:5551-5555.
 
Kobayashi, J., Kubota, T., Endo, T., and Tsuda, M. 2001. Amphidinolides T2, T3, and T4, new 19-membered macrolides from the dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. and the biosynthesis of amphidinolide T1. J. Org. Chem. 66:134-142.
 
Kubota, T., Endo, T., Tsuda, M., Shiro, M., and Kobayashi, J. 2001. Amphidinolide T5, a new 19-membered macrolide from a dinoflagellate and X-ray structure of amphidinolide T1. Tetrahedron. 57:6175-6179.
 
Kubota, T., Tsuda, M., Takahashi, M., Ishibashi, M., Oka, S., and Kobayashi, J. 2000b. Colopsinols D and E, new polyhydroxyl linear carbon chain compounds from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 48:1447-1451.
 
Kubota, T., Tsuda, M., and Kobayashi, J. 2000a. Amphidinolide V, novel 14-membered macrolide from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 41:713-716.
 
Tsuda, M., Endo, T., and Kobayashi, J. 2000. Amphidinolide T, novel 19-membered macrolide from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 65:1349-1352.
 
Tsuda, M., Endo, T., and Kobayashi, J. 1999b. Amphidinolide U, novel 20-membered macrolide from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron. 55:14565-14570.
 
Kobayashi, J., Kubota, T., Takahashi, M., Ishibashi, M., Tsuda, M., and Naoki, H. 1999. Colopsinol A, a novel polyhydroxyl metabolite from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 64:1478-1482.
 
Kubota, T., Tsuda, M., Takahashi, M., Ishibashi, M., Naoki, H., and Kobayashi, J. 1999. Colopsinols B and C, new long chain polyhydroxy compounds from cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 1:3483-3487.
 
Murata, M., Matsuoka, S., Matsumori, N., Paul, G.K., and Tachibana, K. 1999. Absolute configuration of amphidinol 3, the first complete structure determination from amphidinol homologues: application of a new configuration analysis based on carbon-hydrogen spin-coupling constants. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121:870-871.
 
Kubota, T., Tsuda, M., Doi, Y., Takahashi, A., Nakamichi, H., Ishibashi, M., Fukushi, E., Kawabata, J., and Kobayashi, J. 1998. Luteophanois B and C, new polyhydroxyl compounds from marine dinoflageilate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron. 54:14455-14464.
 
Doi, Y., Ishibashi, M., Nakamichi, H., Kosaka, T., Ishikawa, T., and Kobayashi, J. 1997. Luteophanol A, a new polyhydroxyl compound from symbiotic marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 62:3820-3823.
 
Ishibashi, M., Takahashi, M., and Kobayashi, J. 1997. Studies on the macrolides from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp.: structures of amphidinolides R and S and a succinate feeding experiment. Tetrahedron. 53:7827-7832.
 
Paul, G.K., Matsumori, N., Konoki, K., Murata, M., and Tachibana, K. 1997. Chemical structures of amphidinols 5 and 6 isolated from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium klebsii and their cholesterol-dependent membrane disruption. J. Mar. Biotechnol. 5:124-128.
 
Kobayashi, J., Takahashi, M., and Ishibashi, M. 1996a. Amphidinolide Q, a novel 12-membered macrolide from the cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 37:1449-1450,
 
Bauer, I., Maranda, L., Young, K.A., and Shimizu, Y. 1995b. Isolation and structure of caribenolide I, a highly potent antitumor macrolide from a cultured free-swimming Caribbean dinoflagellate, Amphidinium sp. 51-36-5. J. Org. Chem. 60:1084-1086.
 
Bauer, I., Maranda, L., Young, K.A., Shimizu, Y., and Huang, S. 1995a. The isolation and structures of unusual 1,4-polyketides from the dinoflagellate, Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 36:991-994.
 
Ishibashi, M., Takahashi, M., and Kobayashi, J. 1995a. Amphidinolides O and P, novel 15-membered macrolides from the dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp.: analysis of the relative stereochemistry and stable solution conformation. J. Org. Chem. 60:6062-6066.
 
Doi, Y., Ishibashi, M., Yamaguchi, N., and Kobayashi, J. 1995. Isolation of apo-9'-fucoxanthinone from the cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Nat. Prod. 58:1097-1099.
 
Paul, G.K., Matsumori, N., Murata, M., and Tachibana, K. 1995. Isolation and chemical structure of amphidinol 2, a potent hemolytic compound from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium klebsii. Tetrahedron Lett. 36:6279-6282.
 
Kobayashi, J., Yamaguchi, N., and Ishibashi, M. 1994d. Amphidinin A, a novel amphidinolide-related metabolite from the cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 35:7049-7050.
 
Kobayashi, J., Yamaguchi, N., and Ishibashi, M. 1994c. Amphidinolide M, a novel 29-membered macrolide from the cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 59:4698-4700.
 
Tsuda, M., Sasaki, T., and Kobayashi, J. 1994c. Amphidinolide L, a new cytotoxic 27-membered macrolide from the cultured dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 59:3734-3737.
 
Ishibashi, M., Yamaguchi, N., Sasaki, T., and Kobayashi, J. 1994. Amphidinolide N, a novel 26-membered macrolide with remarkably potent cytotoxicity from the cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm. 1994:1455-1456.
 
Kobayashi, J., Sato, M., and Ishibashi, M. 1993d. Amphidinolide J: a cytotoxic macrolide from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. determination of the absolute stereochemistry. J. Org. Chem. 58:2645-2646.
 
Ishibashi, M., Sato, M., and Kobayashi, J. 1993a. Amphidinolide K, a new 19-membered macrolide from the cultured symbiotic dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 58:6928-6929.
 
Aakermann, T., Guillard, R.R.L., and Liaaen-Jensen, S. 1993. Algal carotenoids 55. Structure elucidation of (3S,5R,6R,3'S,5'R,6'S)-13'-cis-7',8'-dihydroneoxanthin-20'-al 3'--D-lactoside (P457). Part 1. Reisolation, derivatization and synthesis of model compounds. Acta Chem. Scand. 47:1207-1213.
 
Kobayashi, J., Tsuda, M., Ishibashi, M., Shigemori, H., Yamasu, T., Hirota, H., and Sasaki, T. 1991h. Amphidinolide F, a new cytotoxic macrolide from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Antibiot. 44:1259-1261,
 
Kobayashi, J., Shigemori, H., Ishibashi, M., Yamasu, T., Hirota, H., and Sasaki, T. 1991g. Amphidinolides G and H: new potent cytotoxic macrolides from the cultured symbiotic dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 56:5221-5224.
 
Satake, M., Murata, M., Yasumoto, T., Fujita, T., and Naoki, H. 1991. Amphidinol, a polyhydroxypolyene antifungal agent with an unprecedented structure, from a marine dinoflagellate, Amphidinium klebsii. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113:9859-9861.
 
Kobayashi, J., Ishibashi, M., Murayama, T., Takamatsu, M., Iwamura, M., Ohizumi, Y., and Sasaki, T. 1990d. Amphidinolide E, a novel antileukemic 19-membered macrolide from the cultured symbiotic dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Org. Chem. 55:3421-3423.
 
Kobayashi, J., Ishibashi, M., Nakamura, H., Ohizumi, Y., Yamasu, T., Hirata, T., Sasaki, T., Ohta, T., and Nozoe, S. 1989c. Cytotoxic macrolides from a cultured marine dinoflagellate of the genus Amphidinium. J. Nat. Prod. 52:1036-1041.
 
Kobayashi, J., Ishibashi, M., Wlchli, M.R., Nakamura, H., Hirata, Y., Sasaki, T., and Ohizumi, Y. 1988c. Amphidinolide C: the tirst 25-membered macrocyclic lactone with potent antineoplastic activity from the cultured dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110:490-494.
 
Ishibashi, M., Ohizumi, Y., Hamashima, M., Nakamura, H., Hirata, Y., Sasaki, T., and Kobayashi, J. 1987. Amphidinolide-B, a novel macrolide with potent antineoplastic activity from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidhiurn sp. J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm. 1987:1127-1129
 
Kobayashi, J., Ishibashi, M., Nakamura, H., Ohizumi, Y., Yamasu, T., Sasaki, T., and Hirata, T. 1986. Amphidinolide-A, a novel antineoplastic macrolide from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 27:5755-5758.
 
Kokke, W.C.M.C., Fenical, W., and Djerassi, C. 1981. Sterols with unusual nuclear unsaturation from three cultured marine dinoflagellates. Phytochem. 20:127-134.
 
Withers, N.W., Goad, L.J., and Goodwin, T.W. 1979. A new sterol, 4a-methyl-5a-ergosta-8 (14), 24 (28)-dien-3-ol, from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae. Phytochem. 18:899-901.
 
Jeffrey, S.W. 1972. Preparation and some properties of crystalline chlorophyll c1 and c2 from marine algae. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 279:15-33.
 
Jeffrey, S.W., and Haxo, F.T. 1968. Photosynthetic pigments of symbiotic dinoflagellates (Zooxanthellae) from corals and clams. BioI. Bull. 135:149-165.
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 13-February-2024