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Semiochemicals of Cucumaria frondosa, the Orange-footed sea cucumber

Phylum:  Echinodermata
Subphylum:  Echinozoa
Class:  Holothurioidea
Order:  Dendrochirotida
Family:  Cucumariidae
Subfamily:  
Genus:  Cucumaria
Tribe:  
Author:  Gunnerus
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Distribution: Google



Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

  Silchenko AS  2007a  Can. J. Chem.  85: 626   
    frondoside A7-1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Penobscot Bay, Maine, USA 
    frondoside A7-2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    frondoside A7-3    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    frondoside A7-4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    isofrondoside C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Silchenko AS  2005c  Can. J. Chem.  83: 21   
    frondoside A2-1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Penobscot Bay, Maine, USA 
    frondoside A2-2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    frondoside A2-3    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    frondoside A2-6    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Silchenko AS  2005b  Can. J. Chem.  83: 2120   
    frondoside A2-4    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Penobscot Bay, Maine, USA 
    frondoside A2-7    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    frondoside A2-8    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Yayli N  1999  Phytochem.  50: 135   
    frondoside D    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Passamaquoddy Bay, Canada 
 
  Avilov SA  1998  Can. J. Chem.  76: 137   
    frondoside C    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Dalnezelenetskaya Bay, Barents Sea 
    frondoside C desulfated    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Yayli N  1994a  J. Nat. Prod.  57: 84   
    1-11Z-octadecenyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Canada 
    1me3me9me-8-nitrosoisoxanthine    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Avilov SA  1993  Chem. Nat. Comp.  29: 216   
    frondoside A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Kola littoral, Barents Sea 
    frondoside A1    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Findlay JA  1992  J. Nat. Prod.  55: 93   
    frondoside B    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Passamaquoddy Bay, Canada 
    frondecaside    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Findlay JA  1991c  J. Nat. Prod.  54: 302   
    2me6me-nonane sulfate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Passamaquoddy Bay, Canada 
    2me4me6me-nonane sulfate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Girard M  1990  Can. J. Chem.  68: 11   
    frondoside A    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Iles de Mai, Port-Cartier, Quebec, Canada 
 

Reference(s):

Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Morre, J., Deinzer, M.L., Woodward, C., and Collin, P.D. 2007a. Glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. V. Structure of five new minor trisulfated triterpene oligoglycosides, frondosides, A7-1, A7-2, A7-3,A7-4, and isofrondoside C. Can. J. Chem. 85:626-636.
 
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Antonov, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Stonik, V.A., Woodward, C., and Collin, P.D. 2005c. Glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. III. Structure of frondosides A2-1, A2-2, A2-3, and A2-6, four new minor monosulfated triterpene glycosides. Can. J. Chem. 83:21-27.
 
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Antonov, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Woodward, C., and Collin, P.D. 2005b. Glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. IV. Structure of frondosides A2-4, A2-7, and A2-8, three new minor monosulfated triterpene glycosides. Can. J. Chem. 83:2120-2126.
 
Yayli, N., and Findlay, J.A. 1999. A triterpenoid saponin from Cucumaria frondosa. Phytochem. 50:135-138.
 
Avilov, S.A., Drozdova, O.A., Kalinin, V.I., Kalinovsky, A.I., Stonik, V.A., Gudimova, E.N., Riguera, R., and Jimnez, C. 1998. Frondoside C, a new nonholostane triterpene glycoside from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa: structure and cytotoxicity of ist desulfated derivative. Can. J. Chem. 76:137-141.
 
Yayli, N., and Findlay, J.A. 1994a. Polar metabolites from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. J. Nat. Prod. 57:84-89.
 
Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Prozdova, O.A., Kalinovskii, A.I., Stonik, V.A., and Gudimova, E.N. 1993. Triterpene glycosides from the Holothurian Cucumaria frondosa. Chem. Nat. Comp. 29:216-218.
 
Findlay, J.A., Yayli, N., and Radics, L. 1992. Novel sulfated oligosaccharides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. J. Nat. Prod. 55:93-101.
 
Findlay, J.A., Yayli, N., and Calhoun, L.A. 1991c. Novel sulfated hydrocarbons from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. J. Nat. Prod. 54:302-304.
 
Girard, M., Blanger, J., ApSimon, J.W., Garneau, F., Harvey, C., and Brisson, J. 1990. Frondoside A. A novel triterpene glycoside from the holothurian Cucumaria frondosa. Can. J. Chem. 68:11-18.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024