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« Previous SpeciesApis cerana japonica    Next SpeciesApis dorsata »

Semiochemicals of Apis cerana, the Asiatic honeybee

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Uniramia
Class:  Insecta
Order:  Hymenoptera
Family:  Apidae
Subfamily:  Apinae
Genus:  Apis
Tribe:  Apinini
Author:  Fabricius
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Biology: Google
Distribution: Google



Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

  Schmidt JO  1997  J. Chem. Ecol.  23: 1929   
    Z11-20OH    250 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Abdullah N  1990  Pertanika  13: 189   
    citral    20 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
g
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Nasonov gland 
    geraniol    2.5 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    neral    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Koeniger N  1979  J. Insect Physiol.  25: 467   
    isopentyl acetate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
W
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Alarm pheromone 
 
  Sannasi A  1971  Life Sci.  10: 195   
    E2-9-oxo-10Acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Q
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Shearer DA  1970  J. Insect Physiol.  16: 1437   
    E2-9-oxo-10Acid    220 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Q
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Primer pheromone 
 
  Butler CG  1967a  Nature  213: 423   
    E2-9-oxo-10Acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Q
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 

Reference(s):

Schmidt, J.O., Morgan, E.D., Oldham, N.J., Nascimento, R.R., and Dani, F.R. 1997. (Z)-11-eicosen-1-ol, a major component of Apis cerana venom. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:1929-1939.
 
Abdullah, N., Hamzah, A., Ramli, J., and Mardan, M. 1990. Identification of Nasonov pheromones and the effects of synthetic pheromones on the clustering activity of the Asiatic honeybee (Apis cerana). Pertanika. 13:189-194.
 
Koeniger, N., Weiss, J., and Maschwitz, U. 1979. Alarm pheromones of the sting in the genus Apis. J. Insect Physiol. 25:467-476.
 
Sannasi, A., and Rajulu, G.S. 1971. 9-oxodec-trans-2-enoic acid in the Indian honeybees. Life Sci. 10:195-201.
 
Shearer, D.A., Boch, R., Morse, R.A., and Laigo, F.M. 1970. Occurrence of 9-oxodec-trans-2-enoic acid in queens of Apis dorsata, Apis cerana, and Apis mellifera. J. Insect Physiol. 16:1437-1441.
 
Butler, C.G., Calam, D.H., and Callow, R.K. 1967a. Attraction of Apis mellifera drones by the odours of the queens of two other species of honey bees. Nature (London). 213:423.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024