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Semiochemicals of Genus Simulium

Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Uniramia
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Simuliidae
Subfamily: Simuliinae
Tribe: Simuliini
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Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

Simulium adersi Pomeroy
 
               Fallis AM  1975  J. Med. Entomol.  12: 349   
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium argus Williston
 
               Anderson JR  1995  J. Vect. Ecol.  20:  
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium griseum Coquillett
 
               Anderson JR  1995  J. Vect. Ecol.  20:  
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium himalayense Puri
 
               Das SC  1985  Indian J. Med. Res.  81: 378   
    citronyl    20 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Repellent 
 
               Kumar SR  1984  Indian J. Med. Res.  80: 541   
    dimethyl phthalate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Repellent 
    diethyl-2-phenylacetamide    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    DEET    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium impukane De Meillon
 
               Fallis AM  1975  J. Med. Entomol.  12: 349   
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium maculatum Meigen
 
               Dremova VP  1977  Med. Parazit.  46: 216   
    diethyl-2me5me-benzamide    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Repellent 
 
 
Simulium ochraceum Walker
 
               Nakamura Y  1982  Jpn. J. Sanit. Zool.  33: 295   
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium trivittatum Malloch
 
               Anderson JR  1995  J. Vect. Ecol.  20:  
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium venustum Say
 
               Dremova VP  1977  Med. Parazit.  46: 216   
    diethyl-2me5me-benzamide    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Repellent 
 
 
Simulium virgatum Coquillett
 
               Anderson JR  1995  J. Vect. Ecol.  20:  
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Simulium vittatum Zetterstedt
 
               Anderson JR  1995  J. Vect. Ecol.  20:  
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Reference(s):

Anderson, J.R., and Yee, W.L. 1995. Trapping black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in northern California. I. Species composition and seasonal abundance on horses, host models, and in insect flight traps. J. Vect. Ecol. 20:7-25.
 
Das, S.C., Bhuyan, M., Das, N.G., and Malhotra, P.R. 1985. Field trials on the relative efficacy of five repellents against Simulium himalayense (Diptera: Simuliidae). Indian J. Med. Res. 81:378-381.
 
Kumar, S., Prakash, S., Sharma, R.K., Jain, S.K., Kalyanasundaram, M., Swamy, R.V., and Rao, K.M. 1984. Field evaluation of three repellents against mosquitoes, black flies & land leeches. Indian J. Med. Res. 80:541-545.
 
Nakamura, Y. 1982. Basic studies for blackfly control 2. Evaluation of CO2-trap for sampling adult blackflies. Jpn. J. Sanit. Zool. 33:295-299.
 
Dremova, V.P., Gleiberman, S.E., Naumov Yu, A., Zvyagintseva, T.V., Terekhova, A.I., Markina, V.V., Smirnova, S.N., Isakova, A.P., Kazitskaya, L.I., and Yaroslavskaya, L.A. 1977. The results of a study of the repellent N,N-diethyl-2,5-dimethylbenzamide (DEXA) and the prospects for its use. Med. Parazit. 46:216-221.
 
Fallis, A.M., and Raybould, J.N. 1975. Response of two African Simuliids to silhouettes and carbon dioxide. J. Med. Entomol. 12:349-351.
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024