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Semiochemicals of Genus Monarthrum

Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Uniramia
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Scolytidae
Subfamily: Scolytinae
Tribe: Corthylini
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Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

Monarthrum brasiliensis Schedl
 
               Bernardi O  2010  Cincia Flor.  20: 579   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Brazil 
 
 
Monarthrum cristatus Blandford
 
               Bernardi O  2010  Cincia Flor.  20: 579   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Brazil 
 
 
Monarthrum dentiger LeConte
 
               Kelsey RG  2013  J. Chem. Ecol.  39: 494   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
California, USA 
 
 
Monarthrum fasciatum Say
 
               Reding ME  2011  J. Econ. Entomol.  104: 2017   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Ohio, USA 
 
               Oliver JB  2001  Environ. Entomol.  30: 909   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Tennessee, USA 
 
               Roling MP  1975  Can. Entomol.  107: 1315   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Missouri, USA 
 
 
Monarthrum mali Fitch
 
               Kendra PE  2011b  Fla. Entomol.  94: 123   
    alpha-copaene    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Florida, USA 
 
               Reding ME  2011  J. Econ. Entomol.  104: 2017   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Ohio, USA 
 
               Miller DR  2009  J. Chem. Ecol.  35: 435   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Southeastern USA 
 
               Kirkendall LR  2008  J. Pest Sci.  81: 175   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Italy 
 
               Oliver JB  2001  Environ. Entomol.  30: 909   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Tennessee, USA 
 
               Montgomery ME  1983  J. Chem. Ecol.  9: 181   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Connecticut, USA 
 
               Roling MP  1975  Can. Entomol.  107: 1315   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Missouri, USA 
 
 
Monarthrum scutellare LeConte
 
               Kelsey RG  2013  J. Chem. Ecol.  39: 494   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
California, USA 
 
               Noseworthy MK  2012  Can. J. For. Res.  42: 1851   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Canada 
    3R-hydroxy-8-2Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Monarthrum sp
 
               Bernardi O  2010  Cincia Flor.  20: 579   
    ethyl alcohol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Brazil 
 
 
Reference(s):

Kelsey, R.G., Beh, M.M., Shaw, D.C., and Manter, D.K. 2013. Ethanol attracts scolytid beetles to Phytophthora ramorum cankers on coast live oak. J. Chem. Ecol. 39:494-506.
 
Noseworthy, M.K., Humble, L.M., Sweeney, J., Silk, P., and Mayo, P. 2012. Attraction of Monarthrum scutellare (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to hydroxy ketones and host volatiles. Can. J. For. Res. 42:1851-1857.
 
Kendra, P.E., Sanchez, J.S., Montgomery, W.S., Okins, K.E., Niogret, J., Pea, J.E., Epsky, N.D., and Heath, R.R. 2011b. Diversity of Scolytinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) attracted to avocado, lychee, and essential oil lures. Fla. Entomol. 94:123-130.
 
Reding, M.E., Schultz, P.B., Ranger, C.M., and Oliver, J.B. 2011. Optimizing ethanol-baited traps for monitoring damaging ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in ornamental nurseries. J. Econ. Entomol. 104:2017-2024.
 
Bernardi, O., Garcia, M.S., Silva, E.J.E., Zazycki, L.C.F., Bernardi, D., Miorelli, D., Ramiro, G.A., and Finkenauer, E. 2010. Coleoptera collected with light traps and ethanol traps in plantation of Eucalyptus spp. in the south of the state Rio Grande do Sul. Cincia Flor. 20:579-588.
 
Miller, D.R., and Rabaglia, R.J. 2009. Ethanol and (-)-a-pinene: attractant kairomones for bark and ambrosia beetles in the southeastern US. J. Chem. Ecol. 35:435-448.
 
Kirkendall, L.R., Dal Cortivo, M., and Gatti, E. 2008. First record of the ambrosia beetle, Monarthrum mali (Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in Europe. J. Pest Sci. 81:175-178.
 
Oliver, J.B., and Mannion, C.M. 2001. Ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) species attacking chestnut and captured in ethanol-baited traps in middle Tennessee. Environ. Entomol. 30:909-918.
 
Montgomery, M.E., and Wargo, P.M. 1983. Ethanol and other hostderived volatiles as attractants to beetles that bore into hardwoods. J. Chem. Ecol. 9:181-190.
 
Roling, M.P., and Kearby, W.H. 1975. Seasonal flight and vertical distribution of Scolytidae attracted to ethanol in an oak-hickory forest in Missouri. Can. Entomol. 107:1315-1320.
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 13-February-2024