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Semiochemicals of Genus Limonius

Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Uniramia
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Elateridae
Subfamily: Denticollinae
Tribe: Athoini
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Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

Limonius californicus Mannerheim
 
               Gries R  2021  J. Chem. Ecol.  47: 123   
    limoniic acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
British Columbia & Alberta, Canada 
 
               Jacobson M  1968  Science  159: 208   
    valeric acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Limonius canus LeConte
 
               Gries R  2021  J. Chem. Ecol.  47: 123   
    limoniic acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
British Columbia & Alberta, Canada 
 
               Butler LI  1975  Environ. Entomol.  4: 229   
    caproic acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Limonius infuscatus Motschulsky
 
               Gries R  2021  J. Chem. Ecol.  47: 123   
    limoniic acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
British Columbia & Alberta, Canada 
 
 
Reference(s):

Gries, R., Alamsetti, S.K., van Herk, W.G., Catton, H.A., Meers, S., Lemke, E., and Gries, G. 2021. Limoniic acid - major component of the sex pheromones of the click beetles Limonius canus and L. californicus. J. Chem. Ecol. 47:123-133.
 
Butler, L.I., McDonough, L.M., Onsager, J.A., and Landis, B.J. 1975. Sex pheromones of the pacific coast wireworm, Limonius canus. Environ. Entomol. 4:229-230.
 
Jacobson, M., Lilly, C.E., and Harding, C. 1968. Sex attractant of sugar beet wireworm: identification and biological activity. Science. 159:208-210.
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 9-June-2024