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Semiochemicals of Genus Atrichopogon

Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Uniramia
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Ceratopogonidae
Subfamily: Forcipomyiinae
Tribe: 
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Bedoukain RussellIPM

Semiochemical(s):

Atrichopogon brunnipes Meigen
 
               Frenzel M  1995  Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol.  10: 681   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Germany 
 
               Gornitz K  1937  Arb. Physiol. Angew. Entomol.  4: 116   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Germany 
 
 
Atrichopogon downesi Wirth
 
               Wirth WW  1980  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.  82: 124   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon epicautae Wirth
 
               Wirth WW  1980  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.  82: 124   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon favri Wirth
 
               Wirth WW  1980  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.  82: 124   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon femoralis Tokunaga
 
               Hashimoto K  2014  Entomol. Sci.  17: 388   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
 
 
Atrichopogon geminus Boesel
 
               Young DK  1984b  Great Lakes Entomol.  17: 195   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon illiesi Havelka
 
               Bologna MA  1984  Boll. Assoc. Rom. Entomol.  39: 77   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon insularis Kieffer
 
               Hashimoto K  2014  Entomol. Sci.  17: 388   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
 
 
Atrichopogon levis Coquillett
 
               Young DK  1984b  Great Lakes Entomol.  17: 195   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon lindneri Wirth
 
               Wirth WW  1980  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.  82: 124   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon lucorum Meigen
 
               Frenzel M  1995  Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol.  10: 681   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Germany 
 
 
Atrichopogon maculosus Ewen
 
               Young DK  1984b  Great Lakes Entomol.  17: 195   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon meloesugans Kieffer
 
               Wirth WW  1980  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.  82: 124   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon mittmanni Havelka
 
               Hemp C  2001  Dtsch. Entomol. Z.  51: 231   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon oedemerarum Stor
 
               Frenzel M  1995  Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol.  10: 681   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Germany 
 
               Mayer K  1962  Z. Parasitenkd.  21: 257   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Germany 
 
 
Atrichopogon rostratus Winnertz
 
               Wirth WW  1956  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.  58: 15   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon ruediger Havelka
 
               Hemp C  2001  Dtsch. Entomol. Z.  51: 231   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon setosipennis Kieffer
 
               Bologna MA  1984  Boll. Assoc. Rom. Entomol.  39: 77   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon sp
 
               Hemp C  1999b  J. East African Nat. Hist.  88:  
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Tanzania & Kenya 
 
               Young AM  1994  J. Chem. Ecol.  20: 2687   
    25Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    23Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    24Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    26Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    21Hy    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Atrichopogon trifasciatus Kieffer
 
               Frenzel M  1995  Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol.  10: 681   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Germany 
 
 
Atrichopogon websteri Coquillett
 
               Young DK  1984b  Great Lakes Entomol.  17: 195   
    cantharidin    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
 
Reference(s):

Hashimoto, K., and Hayashi, F. 2014. Cantharidin world in nature: a concealed arthropod assemblage with interactions via the terpenoid cantharidin. Entomol. Sci. 17:388-395.
 
Hemp, C., and Dettner, K. 2001. Compilation of canthariphilous insects. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 51:231-245.
 
Hemp, C., Hemp, A., and Dettner, K. 1999b. Canthariphilous insects in East Africa. J. East African Nat. Hist. 88:1-15.
 
Frenzel, M., and Dettner, K. 1995. Gnats (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and cantharidin: the greediness for a rare natural compound. Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol. 10:681-684.
 
Young, A.M., and Severson, D.W. 1994. Comparative analysis of steam distilled floral oils of cacao cultivars (Theobroma cacao L., Sterculiacae) and attraction of flying insects: implications for a Theobroma pollination syndrome. J. Chem. Ecol. 20:2687-2703.
 
Young, D.K. 1984b. Field records and observations of insects associated with cantharidin. Great Lakes Entomol. 17:195-199.
 
Bologna, M.A., and Havelka, P. 1984. Nuove segnalazioni di attrazione della cantaridina dei Meloidae su coleotteri e ditteri. Boll. Assoc. Rom. Entomol. 39:77-82.
 
Wirth, W.W. 1980. A new species and corrections in the Atrichopogon midges of the subgenus Meloehelea attacking blister beetles (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 82:124-139.
 
Mayer, K. 1962. Untersuchungen mit cantharidinfallen ber die flugaktivitt von Atrichopogon (Meloehelea) oedemerarum Stora, einer an insekten ektoparasitisch lebenden Ceratopogonide (Diptera). Z. Parasitenkd. 21:257-272.
 
Wirth, W.W. 1956. The biting midges ectoparasitic on blister beetles. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 58:15-23.
 
Grnitz, K. 1937. Cantharidin als gift und anlockungsmittel fr insekten. Arb. Physiol. Angew. Entomol. 4:116-157.
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 13-February-2024