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Semiochemical - 4Acid [Butyric acid]



Bedoukain RussellIPM

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Butyric acid
Butyric acid
Formula:C4H8O2
CAS#:107-92-6
MW:88.11

[MS]  [ NMR ]  [ Kovats ]  [ Synthesis ]  [Occurrence in flower




Dots surface:

Species utilize Butyric acid in its chemical communication system


Heteroptera, Coreidae 
Elasmopoda valga      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Tip wilter 
Mirperus scutellaris      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Araneae, Theridiidae, Latrodectinae 
Latrodectus hasselti      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Australian redback widow spider 
 
Artiodactyla, Cervidae, Capreolinae 
Rangifer tarandus tarandus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Reindeer 
 
Carnivora, Herpestidae, Herpestinae 
Cynictis penicillata      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Yellow mongoose 
Herpestes auropunctatus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Small Indian mongoose 
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae 
Anomiopus sp      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Vulcanocanthon seminulum      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Silvanidae, Silvaninae 
Oryzaephilus surinamensis      K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Sawtoothed grain beetle 
 
Diptera, Calliphoridae, Chrysomyinae 
Cochliomyia hominivorax      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Screwworm fly 
 
Heteroptera, Alydidae, Alydinae 
Alydus eurinus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Alydus pilosulus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Megalotomus quinquespinosus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Heteroptera, Coreidae, Meropachydinae 
Merocoris distinctus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dolichoderinae 
Liometopum microcephalum      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Small-headed velvety tree ant 
 
Primates, Cercopithecidae, Cricetinae 
Macaca mulatta      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Rhesus macaque 
 
Rodentia, Cricetidae, Cricetinae 
Mesocricetus auratus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Golden hamster 
 
Carnivora, Canidae, Caninae, Canini 
Canis familiaris      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Domestic dog 
Canis latrans      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Coyote 
Canis lupus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Gray wolf 
Canis lupus signatus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Iberian wolf 
Canis mesomelas      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Black-backed jackal 
Lycaon pictus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    African wild dog 
 
Carnivora, Canidae, Caninae, Vulpini 
Vulpes vulpes      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Red fox 
 
Carnivora, Felidae, Felinae, Acinonychini 
Acinonyx jubatus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Cheetah 
 
Carnivora, Felidae, Pantherinae, Pantherini 
Panthera leo      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    African lion 
Panthera pardus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Leopard 
 
Coleoptera, Carabidae, Broscinae, Broscini 
Broscosoma doenitzi      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Promecoderus mastersi      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Promecoderus sp      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Carabidae, Carabinae, Bembidiini 
Asaphidion semilucidum      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Carabidae, Carabinae, Carabini 
Calosoma sycophanta      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Greater caterpillar hunter 
Carabus caelatus      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Carabus ullrichi      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Carabidae, Carabinae, Ceroglossini 
Ceroglossus buqueti      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Ceroglossus chilensis      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Ceroglossus magellanicus      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Carabidae, Licininae, Oodini 
Oodes americanus      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechinae, Trechini 
Pheggomisetes ninae      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Geotrupidae, Geotrupinae, Geotrupini 
Geotrupes spiniger      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Dumbledor beetle 
 
Coleoptera, Nitidulidae, Carpophilinae, Carpophilini 
Carpophilus hemipterus      K
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Driedfruit beetle 
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae, Aphodiini 
Aphodius sp      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Ateuchini 
Eutrichillum hysterix      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Nunoidium argentinum      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Trichillum sp      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Canthonini 
Canthon lituratus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Canthon ornatus bipunctatus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Canthon puncticollis      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Deltochilum cupreicolle      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Malagoniella argentina      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Malagoniella puncticollis      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Scybalophagus plicatipennis      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Coprini 
Canthidium sp      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Ontherus appendiculatus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Eucraniini 
Eucranium arachnoides      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Oniticellini 
Euoniticellus fulvus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Onthophagini 
Onthophagus furcatus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Onthophagus hirculus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Onthophagus joannae      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Onthophagus nuchicornis      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Onthophagus ovatus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Onthophagus ruficapillus      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Phanaeini 
Sulcophanaeus imperator      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Sulcophanaeus menelas      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Scarabaeini 
Kheper bonellii      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Kheper subaeneus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Omaliinae, Omaliini 
Phyllodrepa floralis      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Dictyoptera, Blattidae, Polyzosteriinae, Eurycotini 
Eurycotis decipiens      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Eurycotis floridana      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Diptera, Culicidae, Anophelinae, Anophelini 
Anopheles gambiae      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    African malaria mosquito 
 
Diptera, Culicidae, Culicinae, Aedini 
Aedes aegypti      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Yellow fever mosquito 
Aedes albopictus      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Asian tiger mosquito 
 
Diptera, Culicidae, Culicinae, Culicini 
Culex sp      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Heteroptera, Coreidae, Coreinae, Mictini 
Pternistria bispina      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Heteroptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae, Triatomini 
Triatoma infestans      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Vinchuca 
 
Hymenoptera, Apidae, Apinae, Bombini 
Bombus griseocollis      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Prairie bumblebee 
 
Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae, Crematogastrini 
Crematogaster sjostedti      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
 
Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae, Polistini 
Polistes dominulus      Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    European paper wasp 
 
Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Lymantriinae, Nygmiini 
Euproctis pulverea      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Tussock moth 
 
Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Ennominae, Baptini 
Lomographa temerata      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Clouded silver moth 
 
Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae, Nymphalini 
Kaniska canace      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active     
Vanessa indica      A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Indian red admiral 
 
Orthoptera, Gryllidae, Gryllinae, Gryllini 
Acheta domesticus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    House cricket 
 
Rodentia, Cricetidae, Cricetinae, Cricetini 
Phodopus sungorus sungorus      P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
(*) indicates that compound is active    Djungarian hamster 
 

 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 13-February-2024